CBT is one of the most often recommended therapies for many mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, social phobia, self-esteem and panic.
It begins with the premise that our feelings and actions are determined by our thoughts, attitudes and beliefs. Some of these thought patterns, attitudes and beliefs about ourselves, our relationships and the world around us become established when we are children in response to difficult situations over which we had no control. Others were picked up by observing and mimicking our parents. These beliefs and habits of thought, while serving a purpose when you were a child, may actually be based on faulty reasoning and can get in the way of your happiness now.
CBT enumerates the most common thought pitfalls and thinking errors, such as Black & White Thinking, Awfulizing, Fortune Telling, Mind Reading, Should Statements and the Fairness Fallacy. A therapist trained in CBT has many helpful techniques and tools for uncovering your own flawed or self sabotaging thoughts and guides you through establishing more positive thinking habits.
The behavioral side of CBT focuses on education in areas such as communication skills, anger management and assertiveness training. Grounded in the basic principles of behavioral theory, it provides strategies for changing negative habits and positively influencing the behavior of those around us.